1. The Kaaba is a sanctuary located in Mecca (in modern __ ).
    C. Saudi Arabia

  2. The religion known as Islam originated with which of the following peoples?
    C. Bedouin Arabs

  3. Which of the following is a content of the Kaaba?
    B. a meteorite

  4. Which of the following describes Muhammad’s lifelong career?
    D. caravan driver

  5. What event marks year one of the Islamic calendar?
    B. the hijra to Medina

  6. When Muhammad emigrated to Medina, the journey was known as
    D. the hijra

  7. The word “Muslim” means
    B. those who submit.

  8. The holy scripture of Islam is called which of the following?
    B. the Qur’an

  9. Which of the following is NOT one of the Five Pillars of Islam?
    C. fasting every Friday

  10. The word “Islam” means
    D. submission to God’s will.

  11. The Qur’an reveals
    D. the nature of God and the inevitability of judgment and resurrection.

  12. The maximum number of wives allowed to Islamic men is which of the following?
    B. 4

  13. The text suggests that a large advantage of Islam in spreading throughout the world has been its
    C. simplicity.

  14. The true meaning of jihad is
    A. drive toward spiritual and religious perfection.

  15. What is the basis for the Muslim religious practice?
    C. the Five Pillars

  16. The all-embracing code of ethical conduct is called the
    A. sharia.

  17. Islamic spiritual supervision lies partly in the hands of prayer leaders called
    C. imams.

  18. To what is the initial spread of Islam attributed?
    B. religious, political, economic, and military goals were allied

  19. Contributions to the West attributed to Islam are
    D. all of the choices are correct. (hospitals, algebra, and Greek manuscripts)

  20. Muhammad’s designated successor was which of the following?
    D. Muhammad left no designated successor.

  21. The early attempts of Islam to penetrate the European continent
    B. were repelled by Charles Martel and by fortifications at Constantinople.

  22. What was one of the main contributions that facilitated the learning of the Renaissance?
    A. Aristotle’s works on logic and natural philosophy

  23. Dominant themes in Islamic poetry include
    C. strongly erotic romantic love.

  24. Which of the following cities served as the Islamic capital during the religion’s “golden era” of the eighth and ninth centuries?
    B. Baghdad

  25. Ancient Islamic scholars preserved which of the following throughout the Middle Ages?
    B. hundreds of Greek manuscripts

  26. Sufi poetry is known for
    A. its intuitive, non-rational dimensions of religious experience.

  27. Unique to Arabic literature was
    C. rhyming prose.

  28. Which Islamic movement is famous for its mystic and visionary poetry, music, and dance?
    B. Sufism

  29. The Thousand and One Nights has remained popular; it contains stories filled with
    B. fantasy and spicy romance.

  30. Of the following terms, which one is not part of Islamic architecture?
    C. clerestory

  31. For the devout Muslim, music was
    A. a forbidden pleasure.