1. In the “The Hymn to the Aten,” how was the sun depicted?
    D. as symbolic of the inevitability of death and the promise of rebirth

  2. Egyptian civilization emerged along the banks of the __ River in Africa.
    b. Nile

  3. The Egyptians found security in
    A. the natural elements.

  4. Successful elements of ancient Egyptian civilization included which of the following?
    D. All these answers are correct (a uniform language, geographical isolation, and a shared political culture and life).

  5. Which of the following is true about the pyramids?
    A. They contained the pharaoh’s most valued possessions.

  6. Which of the following best describes the cosmology of the ancient Egyptians in North Africa?
    B. They viewed the world as a flat platter floating on water.

  7. The Egyptian Osiris myth vividly describes the idea of
    D. resurrection.

  8. Which of the following is associated with Osiris?
    D. papyrus scroll from the Book of the Dead

  9. A belief in the existence of many gods is known as
    C. polytheism.

  10. The Palette of Narmer depicts
    B. the union of Upper and Lower Egypt.

  11. Egypt was conquered in 332 B.C.E. by which of the following invaders?
    A. Alexander the Great

  12. The name of the king who united Upper and Lower Egypt was
    A. Narmer.

  13. Recent excavations near Gizeh suggest that the promise of life after death was
    A. anticipated by all social classes.

  14. Early Egyptian tomb structures, usually single-story, are
    C. mastabas.

  15. At the top of the Egyptian power hierarchy serving the pharaoh was the
    D. vizier.

  16. A principal subject of Egyptian poetry was
    B. love.

  17. In art of the Old Kingdom,
    A. upper-class people are shown larger than lower-class people.

  18. Our knowledge of Egyptian visual art comes primarily from
    C. tombs.

  19. The Egyptian canon of artistic representations of the human form gave the proportions of the human body as determined according to the width of
    B. a clenched fist.

  20. Akhenaten in the New Kingdom is known for having introduced
    B. monotheism.
  21. The Egyptian temples that have survived were
    A. adorned with painted reliefs.

  22. Pyramid-like structures at the entrance to an Egyptian temple, representing the mountains encircling the world, are called
    C. pylons.

  23. Egyptian commemorative pillars are called
    B. obelisks.

  24. The statue of Mycerinus and Queen Kha-merer-nebty II represents
    C. transfer of power from the woman to the pharaoh.

  25. The figurative voyage from light to dark as one entered the Egyptian temple was represented by a room of
    A. hypostyles.

  26. Which of the following does the text use to describe the musical poetry of the Egyptian New Kingdom?
    D. lyric

  27. Spatial depth in Egyptian art is achieved
    B. by placing one figure above another.

  28. In the New Kingdom, one pharaoh changed to the practice of monotheism perhaps to rival the power of the
    B. local priests.

  29. With the advent of his declaration of monotheism, Akhenaten
    A. became unpopular with the priests of the demoted gods (also because of increased taxes on the people).

  30. In Egyptian society, slaves
    C. were victims of war.

  31. A ruler who combines political with spiritual power is characterized as a __ monarch.
    A. theocratic

  32. The following was usually part of the vizier’s responsibility:
    B. mobilization of an army

  33. What is the Book of the Dead?
    C. a collection of funerary prayers

  34. What natural forces were considered sacred in Egyptian society?
    A. the sun and the Nile