1. During the sixth century B.C.E., the following objects were developed:
    B. cast iron

  2. According to the text, early Chinese coins featured which of the following?
    C. square holes

  3. The written collection of Confucius’s teachings is called
    B. the Analects.

  4. By the Zhou era, the word “li” came to mean
    A. principles governing appropriate behavior.

  5. Confucius’s Analects covers the following:
    D. cultivation of character and moral values were more important than a ruler’s ability to govern.

  6. Politically, Confucius saw the role of ruler in society as that of a
    D. parent.

  7. Which of the following is true regarding the Legalists?
    B. described the nature of humankind as inherently evil

  8. Mencius, who followed Confucius, taught that
    C. humans are born good and fall into evil only by neglect or abuse.

  9. Legalists taught that
    D. humans are inherently evil and rulers must have absolute authority.

  10. Clearly the greatest innovative dynasty in the Chinese rise to empire were the
    A. Qin.

  11. Which of the following is the most significant artifact of the first emperor’s tomb?
    B. terracotta soldiers

  12. The Qin dynasty brought
    A. standardization of Chinese language, wagon axles, and coinage.

  13. At first the Chinese regarded the era of the Han as
    C. their classical age.

  14. The Chinese regard this dynasty as their historical Golden Age.
    D. Han

  15. Which of the following bests describes the emphasis of Chinese prose literature?
    C. record-keeping; archiving history

  16. Han achievements included
    A. considerable intellectual, economic, and technological advances.

  17. The literature of Sima Qian suggests that
    A. wealth encourages virtue.

  18. Classic Han architecture primarily used which of the following materials?
    B. wood

  19. The Han dynasty left a very thorough record of daily life via the visual medium of
    C. glazed terracotta.

  20. To which culture is the Han dynasty most compared?
    B. Roman

  21. The Chinese introduced which of the following major contributions?
    C. paper

  22. Confucius’ teachings, combined with __, formed the basis for emerging Chine culture in the climb for empire.
    B. The Five Chinese Classics

  23. The philosophical challenge to the teachings of Confucius was termed
    B. Legalism.

  24. Chinese architecture is noted for
    A. its impermanence.

  25. Through what medium did the Han craftspeople leave their record of daily life?
    A. terracotta

  26. Which of the following best describes Han dynasty Chinese poetry?
    B. simplistic

  27. The round roofs of royal tombs in classical China represented
    D. Heaven.

  28. The head and body of the deceased Chinese ruler was often shrouded in
    B. jade.

  29. Chinese trade was largely conducted along __, an east-west land route that led eventually to Rome.
    B. the Silk Road