1. Christianity emerged out of which three cultural traditions?
    C. Hebraic, Greco-Roman, and Near Eastern

  2. Christianity is tied to all of the following backgrounds EXCEPT
    C. the Islamic.

  3. Zoroastrianism and Mithraism were influences on early Christianity and developed in
    B. Persia.

  4. According to Plotinus, Neo-Platonism viewed the soul as
    A. divine and eternal.

  5. To the Christians, the central, most appealing aspect of the mystery cults was
    B. their promise of personal immortality.

  6. In 63 B.C.E., which of the following was the Roman-administered homeland of the Hebrews in the eastern Mediterranean region?
    B. Judea

  7. The differences between the Pharisees and the Sadducees basically revolved around
    B. survival of the soul after death.

  8. Apuleius’ Initiation into the Cult of Isis reflects the mood of the late classical era:
    B. of a longing for the ecstasy suggested in the enactment of the ritual

  9. The practice of Mithraism is similar to the practice of Christianity in its
    D. all of the choices are correct (deliverance from evil, celebration of Mithras’s birth on December 25, and its communal meal of bread and wine).

  10. The __ practiced strict self denial and self-discipline in a form of asceticism.
    C. Essenes

  11. This man is named the “Apostle to the Gentiles” because of his extensive work to promote and grow a then-largely Hebraic Christianity.
    C. Paul

  12. Judaism differed from the other religions in its
    A. strongly monotheistic ethical bias.

  13. The Roman presence in Jerusalem caused mutual animosity and discord because
    B. the Hebrews refused to worship Rome’s rulers.

  14. Not until the Edict of Milan in the year 313 was public persecution of __ forbidden by
    decree.
    C. Christians

  15. Who of the following is thought to be a chronological contemporary to Jesus Christ?
    B. Siddhartha Gautama

  16. The three Hebrew sects were
    C. Sadducees, Pharisees, Essenes.

  17. The Gospels that describe the life and miracles of Jesus were recorded in
    A. Greek and Aramaic.

  18. Which of the following describes how the Buddha worked toward enlightenment?
    A. meditating under a tree

  19. The purpose of the Eightfold Path
    B. is to demonstrate right conduct.

  20. Jesus’ message warned of the perils of
    D. riches and the temptations of the temporal world.

  21. Paul’s major contribution to Christianity was that he
    A. universalized Jesus’ message.

  22. The Buddha’s truly revolutionary social ideas centered on
    D. caste.

  23. The Emperor Asoka made Buddhism the official religion of
    B. India.

  24. Christianity succeeded in Rome because of the following:
    D. all of the choices are correct (large gaps between the rich and the poor, Octavian’s attempt to restore Roman values of duty and civic pride failed, and bureaucratic corruption)

  25. The Edict of Milan proclaimed
    B. religious toleration in the West.

  26. Which of the following best explains a bodhisattva?
    B. one who has achieved enlightenment, but refrains from entering nirvana

  27. Buddhism entered China during the first century C.E. and rose to prominence during the last decades of the
    B. Han era.

  28. The Buddha’s three truths of existence were
    C. sickness, old age, and death.

  29. According to Buddha’s teachings, the path to enlightenment begins with the Four Noble Truths, one of which is
    A. pain is universal.

  30. Buddhism was never able to overtake __ as the religion of majority in India.
    C. Hinduism

  31. The spread of Buddhism is significant because
    A. Emperor Asoka made Buddhism the state religion and foreshadowed Constantine’s similar act.