1. The new Christian Church patterned its order after
    D. Rome.

  2. Which of the following emperors divided the Roman Empire into two halves: Eastern and Western?
    D. Diocletian

  3. The capital city of the East Roman Empire was
    B. Constantinople.

  4. The ecumenical council at Nicea was called to
    B. lay the basis for Christian dogma.

  5. The Benedictine motto “a sound mind in a sound body” found expression in
    D. prayer and work.

  6. The “Petrine Doctrine” accomplished which of the following within the Christian Church?
    B. stated the primacy of the Roman archbishop as successor to Peter

  7. Which was the location of the first worldwide council of representatives of the Christian Church?
    C. Nicaea

  8. The most profound and influential of all the Latin church fathers was
    A. Augustine of Hippo.

  9. What was the importance of symbolism in Christianity?
    B. symbols identified new converts

  10. Who of the following was the Roman aristocrat that eventually became bishop of Milan and was responsible for many hymns used by the early Christian church?
    B. Ambrose

  11. Who, a native of Africa, is widely regarded as the most influential of all the Latin church fathers?
    D. Augustine

  12. The popular figure of Jesus as Good Shepherd on the walls of the catacombs is a symbol of
    D. the early Christian theme of deliverance.

  13. Christian artists used what model for their art?
    D. symbolic abstraction

  14. Early followers of Jesus Christ adopted which of the following as their recognition sign?
    C. a fish

  15. In early Christianity the number twelve was important symbolically. It represented which of these?
    C. the number of Jesus’ disciples

  16. Early Christian churches were modeled on
    A. Roman basilicas.

  17. The architectural design of the early Christian churches included
    C. ambulatory, narthex, transept.

  18. Interior spaces in early Christian churches were usually embellished with which of the following?
    D. mosaics

  19. Hagia Sophia was commissioned by which of the following men?
    B. Justinian

  20. Hagia Sophia is an example of
    D. Byzantine architecture.

  21. Emperor Justinian’s most important contribution to European and western culture was
    D. all of the choices are correct. (the codification of Roman law, smuggling silkworm eggs out of China, and commissioning the Hagia Sophia)

  22. The basis of the schism between the Eastern and Western churches concerned which of the
    following?
    B. religious icons

  23. The most typical Buddhist structure is which of the following?
    C. stupa

  24. The schism between the Eastern and Western Churches was based on
    A. the role of images.

  25. Saint Augustine viewed music as
    B. a dangerous pleasure.

  26. The Buddha’s hand position represented in any given statue of him is called which of the following?
    D. mudras

  27. China’s evolution of Indian architecture featured its characteristic umbrella-like building with many roofs, called which of the following?
    A. pagoda

  28. The Gregorian chant is
    D. monophonic.

  29. China’s earliest and most important musical instrument was the
    C. zither.

  30. The essential element of the Buddhist “creed” calls for
    A. adherence to the Law of Righteousness.

  31. The stupas are Buddhist structures used as
    C. shrines.

  32. A mudra is
    B. symbolic use of the hands.