1. The literal translation of “Mesopotamia” is “the land __.”
    B. between two rivers

  2. The Tigris and Euphrates are known for their
    C. contribution in creating rich soil of the Fertile Crescent.

  3. The first of Mesopotamia’s many civilizations was the city of
    D. Sumer.

  4. The world’s first epic poem was
    B. The Epic of Gilgamesh.

  5. The Epic of Gilgamesh explores the Mesopotamian sense of
    A. fear and insecurity.

  6. Which of these represents consolidation of the various tribal laws into one central legal plan?
    A. Hammurabi’s Code

  7. In the Epic of Gilgamesh, the king searches for
    C. everlasting life.

  8. In the Epic of Gilgamesh, Utnapishtim is the hero of a
    A. flood myth.

  9. The massive, terraced towers of mud and brick constructed by the Mesopotamians are called
    B. ziggurats.

  10. The following creation of the Sumerians is still used today in telling time:
    B. a base-60 number system

  11. The _ developed the basic alphabet that finally morphed into modern Western languages.
    A. Phoenicians.

  12. The beginning of Hebrew history is personified by which of the following?
    D. Abraham

  13. In the Hebrew Bible, there are two accounts of the creation of females. In the first, woman is created
    C. with man in the image of God.

  14. Who of the following led the Hebrew people out of Egyptian slavery?
    A. Moses

  15. Historically, why did the Hebrews not go immediately to the promised land after leaving Egypt?
    A. It was occupied by strong local tribes.

  16. The Hebrew god is named
    B. Yahweh.

  17. Which best describes how the God of the Hebrews punishes the sin of worshiping other gods?
    D. He punishes the sinner and his family for generations.

  18. The world’s first empire was created by
    D. Sargon I.

  19. The Standard of Ur depicts the Mesopotamian
    B. social order and division of labor.

  20. What makes Hammurabi’s Code so forceful?
    D. divine decree

  21. Which of the following geological features forms Mesopotamia?
    B. the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

  22. The ancient capitol of the Persian Empire was
    A. Persepolis.

  23. The introduction of iron-forging technology to Mesopotamia was by the
    A. Hittites.

  24. Job is an example of the Hebrew quest for
    A. divine explanations for human sufferings and death.

  25. A ziggurat was built to
    D. serve as a shrine and temple to link the realms of heaven and earth.

  26. The first five books of the Hebrew Bible are collectively called the
    C. Torah.

  27. Which Iron Age empire combined fighting techniques and engineering ingenuity to swallow up most of the land between and Persian Gulf and the Nile valley by 700 B.C.E.?
    B. the Assyrians

  28. In Egypt, the Hebrews were
    C. reduced to the status of state slaves.

  29. The Decalogue is a/an
    B. Hebrew covenant between God and the faithful.

  30. Ethical monotheism is the belief in
    A. a sole, omnipotent (single, all-powerful) God.

  31. The following theme appears in both Hebrew and Mesopotamian literature:
    D. a flood story

  32. The following were early Hebrew Kings:
    B. David and Solomon

  33. King Nebuchadnezzar was likely the inspiration for the biblical
    A. Book of Job.

  34. The Hittites introduced
    A. bronze.

Extra Question

  1. The Lyndians introduced