1. The stamp of the Classical period on humankind comes from its
    C. humanism and individualism.

  2. Greek city-states first emerged
    D. All these answers are correct (on islands and peninsulas in the Aegean Sea, along the coast of Asia Minor, and in southern Italy and Sicily).

  3. Which of the following is the name given to the un-deciphered Minoan writing that has survived?
    B. Linear A

  4. The Greeks are distinct from other ancient civilizations in their
    A. love of wisdom.

  5. The earliest Greek society, the Minoans, is known for
    B. ancient fertility cults.

  6. Which of the following describes the Mycenaean civilization?
    D. All these answers are correct (burial of rulers in tombs appearing like giant beehives, construction of gigantic fortifications on the Greek mainland, and war with Troy forms the setting for both the Iliad and the Odyssey).

  7. The most powerful deity of the Greek pantheon was
    C. Zeus.

  8. Explain why Percy Bysshe Shelley said, “We are all Greeks.”
    D. Humankind is influenced by Greek ideals of reason, beauty, and the good life.

  9. The Greek hero Achilles differs from the Mesopotamian hero Gilgamesh in that Achilles
    A. seeks individual honor and glory.

  10. Greek popular religion produced no sacred scriptures or doctrines, but the oracle at __ became very famous throughout the region.
    B. Delphi

  11. The early Greek city-states were forced to unite against the rising threat of
    A. the Persians.

  12. That the Iliad was improvised orally and not written down is shown by
    C. Homer’s use of repeated metric formulae.

  13. A direct democracy is one in which
    A. all citizens take part in making laws.

  14. Citizens of Athens included which of the following?
    B. only landed males over the age of eighteen

  15. The so-called “father of history” who introduced a travelogue of his trips to Egypt and Asia was
    C. Herodotus.

  16. The excerpt from Pericles’ Funeral Speech shows that when Pericles made the speech, Athens was
    B. a democratic city-state.

  17. Which one of the following is the fullest description of what causes the tragic events of Antigone?
    D. Creon follows a rigid policy in a situation calling for flexibility.

  18. __ was a leading statesman and proponent of Athenian democracy who dominated the city- states politics for over thirty years.
    D. Pericles

  19. The Ancient Greeks marked time using a four-year measurement called the
    B. Olympiad.

  20. Creon’s exchange with his son, Haemon, suggests that the Athenian audience of the time would have been sensitive to which one of the following issues?
    B. Creon’s rejection of advice from the Theban populus

  21. The death of Creon’s wife, Eurydice, near the end of the play
    A. comes as a complete surprise.

  22. The number of surviving plays from the ancient age of Greek theater is thought to be
    A. 44 (or 45).

  23. Which of the following defines the term “hubris”?
    B. excessive pride

  24. In order to persuade Crito that he cannot break the law, Socrates portrays the laws as
    B. the equivalent of Socrates’ parents.

  25. The philosopher Heraclitus had a decisive influence on Socrates. His name is associated with the notion
    B. that all things are in a state of flux and change.

  26. The Greek physician remembered as the father of medicine was
    C. Hippocrates.

  27. Athens’ premier philosopher and proponent of cross examination and inductive reasoning was
    B. Socrates.

  28. Ultimately, Socrates might be likened to Achilles and Antigone, in that like them
    D. he preferred death to dishonor.

  29. In his Ethics, __ argued that the good life was identical to the life of reason, and would be guided by the Golden Mean.
    D. Aristotle.

  30. The belief of Plato that mathematics should serve as the standard of certainty and clarity for all knowledge shows the influence of
    C. Pythagoras.

  31. In the “Allegory of the Cave,” the ultimate goal of the thinker is to come into contact with
    D. the Form of the Good.

  32. For Plato, the realm of the purely intelligible contains objects of knowledge that we grasp
    B. by means of mind alone.

  33. For Socrates, the fact that the soul knows things that it could not possibly learn from sense experience is a sign
    A. that the soul must have existed before its present life.

  34. Looked at as an ethical document; the “Allegory of the Cave” tends to the following conclusion:
    A. Virtue is knowledge.

  35. Aristotle’s ethical teachings can be reduced to two basic maxims of traditional Greek folk wisdom:
    D. Do nothing in excess and know yourself.

  36. The Iliad is a work that describes events related to the
    D. Mycenaean attack on the coastal city of Troy.

  37. Which one of the following is NOT true of ancient Greek life?
    A. Each polis had its own language and religion.

  38. The pre-Socratic philosophers were searching for
    B. the basic “stuff” of nature.

  39. Socrates refused to escape from an Athenian jail because he
    C. refused to dishonor the laws of the polis.

  40. Plato’s Theory of Forms conveys the idea that
    C. reality lies in a realm beyond sense perception.