- Rome was founded by the
- In the earliest history of the Italian peninsula, which of the following peoples controlled modern-day Rome?
A. the Latins
- The Romans absorbed the fundamentals of urban planning, chariot racing, the toga, bronze, gold crafting, and the arch from
- Which of the following peoples had settled the northwest portion of the Italian peninsula?
B. the Etruscans
- Urban planning, chariot racing, the toga, and the architectural arch were ideas used by the Romans, but handed down from the
- The powerful class of large landowners was known as
- The Punic Wars were between
B. Romans and Phoenicians.
- Which of the following constituted the large-acreage land-holding agricultural population of ancient Rome?
- Which of the following peoples did Rome fight for the 150 years of the Punic Wars?
D. the Phoenicians
- Josephus’s Description of the Roman Army:
D. all of the choices are correct (a military machine, disciplined and dedicated to duty, and had been born with weapons in their hands)
- The collapse of the Republic began with
A. the disappearance of the small farmer.
- Which of these was the vital North African port captured by Rome at the end of the Punic Wars?
- Which of the following does the text underscore as the beginning event of the decline of the Roman Republic?
B. the disappearance of the small farmer
- Julius Caesar’s assassination resulted from his
C. populist reforms.
- The statue of Augustus of Primaporta has Cupid and a dolphin at his feet as
D. reminders of his alleged divine descent from Venus.
- The first dictator of Rome was
C. Gaius Julius Caesar.
- The first emperor of the newly minted Roman Empire was
- In order to maintain the Pax Romana, Augustus
A. passed laws to curb adultery.
- One of Rome’s most original and influential achievements was
C. development of a system of law.
- Multiple arches used architecturally in any sequence forms a(n)
- Which traditional Greek architectural order was used to build Rome’s Colosseum?
D. All these answers are correct. (Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian)
- The Stoics believed
B. an impersonal force governed the world.
- The noted essayist Seneca argued that one might achieve peace of mind by
D. all of the choices are correct. (avoiding burdensome responsibilities, avoiding gloomy companions, and avoiding excessive wealth)
- Early western Christian churches were modeled architecturally on Rome’s basilicas, which were the
central space in a typical
- Which of the following best describes Roman sculpture and painting?
- According to Cicero, Roman education emphasized
A. civic duty.
- The most notable representative of the Roman Golden Age of Literature was
- In an ancient Roman villa, the large central hall open to the sky was called
D. the atrium.
- Which of the following was a likely cause of the fall of the Roman Empire?
D. All these answers are correct. (the difficulties of governing such a huge empire, the decline of the slave trade, and the increasing gap between the wealthy and the poor)
- The greatest Latin poet Catullus celebrated
A. his passionate affair with a Roman consul’s wife.
- The theme of Ovid’s Metamorphosis is
C. the supernatural transformation of Greek and Roman gods.
- Juvenal’s satire reflects Rome as
C. noisy, dirty, and crowded.
- Romans considered which of the following as their most significant technological achievement?
A. the aqueducts
- The phrase “bread and circuses” came from
A. handouts to the impoverished millions of Rome.
- The Pantheon was
B. a temple dedicated to the seven planetary deities.
- Roman art, both sculpture and painting, is known for its