Note: only new or re-worded questions will be listed here.

New Questions

1) Know all of these locations. Your exam answers may not match the numbers.

Aegean Sea
Gizeh (Giza)7
Akhetaten (Tell el-Amarna)8
Thebes (Egyptian, not Greek)9
Red Sea15

15) The Oresteia Trilogy by Aeschylus is considered to be an optimistic work because:
 A. Only the truly evil people die.
 B. Elektra and Orestes fall in love at the end.
 C. Its moral is ‘people can’t get away with killing.’ <– NOT THIS ANSWER!
 D. Humanity finds a rational balance in the end.

35) The Greek naturalistic (pre-Socratic) philosophers originated science and some of its methods.

36) In Egypt, the Hebrew slaves were forced to build the pyramids.

Re-Worded Questions

12) Unlike Mesopotamians, the Egyptians found security in
 C. their natural geography.

28) To Plato, the realm of the purely intelligible contains objects of knowledge that we must grasp with a combination of mind and imagination.
 False (by means of mind alone).

40) Recent excavations near Gizeh suggest that the promise of life after death was
 A. anticipated by all social classes.


Antagonist19. the character that directly opposes the protagonist in drama or fiction
Pantheism17. the belief that a divine spirit pervades all things in the universe
Epic6. a long narrative poem that recounts the deeds of a legendary or historical hero in his quest for meaning or identity
Prehistory3. the study of history before written records
Caste15. a rigid social stratification in India based on differences in wealth, rank, or occupation
Allegory18. a literary device in which objects, persons, or actions are equated with secondary, figurative meanings that underlie their literal meaning
Hubris23. excessive pride; arrogance
Empirical25. a method of inquiry dependent on direct experience or observation
Metaphor10. a figure of speech in which two unlike things are compared without the use of the words “like” or “as”
Ethics22. that branch of philosophy that sets forth the principles of human conduct [sic]
Animism1. the belief that the forces of nature are inhabited by spirits
Karma16. (Sanskrit, “deed”) the law that holds that one’s deeds determine one’s future life in the Wheel of Rebirth
Polytheism8. the belief in many gods
Democracy21. a government in which supreme power is vested in the people
Stele4. an upright stone slab or pillar
Monotheism7. the belief in one and only one god
Dolmen2. a stone tomb formed by two posts capped by a lintel
Obelisk11. a tall, four-sided pillar that tapers to a pyramidal apex
Relief13. a sculptural technique in which figures or forms are carved either to project from the background surface (raised relief) or cut away below the background level (sunk relief); the degree of relief is designated as high, low, or sunken
Catharsis20. (Greek, “purification” or “cleansing:) in drama an emotional experience that revitalizes the spectator
Protagonist24. the leading character in a play or story
Covenant5. contract; the bond between the Hebrew people and their god
Theocracy9. rule, by god or god’s representative
Atman14. the Hindu name for the Self; the personal part of Brahman
Papyrus12. a reedlike plant from which the ancient Egyptians made paper

Note: the following images may not match your question numbers, and your exam may contain different images.

43) Plato’s Allegory of the Cave
44) Osiris – Book of the Dead
45) Mycerinus and Khamerernebty II
47) Contest of Two Warriors – amphora
48) Egyptian Canon of Proportion
49) Stonehenge Trilithons
50) Dolmen burial site
51) Ziggurat at Ur
52) Stele of Hammurabi
53) Mycenaen Funerary Mask
54) Hall of Running Bulls
55) ‘Venus’ of Willendorf
56) Sphynx at Gizeh
57) Akhenaten Nefertiti and Children
58) Dancing Girl- Mohenjo-daro
59) Rosetta Stone
60) Cycladic Female Figure
61) Bronze Mask – Shang Dynasty
62) Nok Head