1. The first indication of the self-conscious, symbol-making human occurred during the
    C. Neanderthal culture.

  2. The earliest humans attempted to gain control over objects through the use of
    D. sympathetic magic.

  3. According to recent findings, the first people who lived a settled village life based on agriculture were
    B. the settlers in what is modern Israel and Iraq.

  4. The term prehistory refers to
    C. the study of history before written records.

  5. What distinguished the Homo sapiens from primates?
    A. communication by means of language

  6. Farming brought about
    A. communal organization.

  7. The most basic definition of culture is
    B. the manipulation of nature.

  8. The following weapon system came online toward the end of the Ice Age:
    D. bows and arrows

  9. The burial of human dead gave evidence of the symbol-making human known as
    A. Homo sapiens.

  10. The ritualistic performance of the hunt by the pygmies in the African Congo suggests the importance of prehistoric art as
    A. a sacred function.

  11. Neolithic sites have been excavated in
    C. Southwest Asia, East Asia, and Meso-America.

  12. The first urban civilizations all appeared
    D. on river banks.

  13. The earliest writing on clay tablets found in Sumer came about as a result of
    D. accounting.

  14. Stonehenge likely represents the desire of early inhabitants of England to
    B. predict the movements of the sun and moon.

  15. The following development, at about the same time that systems of writing emerged in Mesopotamia, afforded humans a significant control over nature:
    C. metallurgy

  16. The inhabitants of the earliest civilizations looked upon the forces of nature—sun, wind, and rain—as alive.
    This belief is known as
    A. animism.

  17. The “Venus” of Willendorf has exaggerated breasts and abdomen because
    D. the artist wanted to show a symbol of fertility, not an individual.

  18. Cuneiform writing
    A. was originally used to make notations concerning production and trade.